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Miscellaneous

 


Barley Distillers 

Barley Distillers Pellets are produced as a by-product of the processing of barley grain to produce malt whisky. It benefits from high  energy and protein. It compliments cereals and other low protein feeds, and has a high oil content 

Barley is first malted to convert starch into sugars, which are then fermented with yeast to produce the alcohol. The grain residue is then removed and the alcohol distilled from the liquid in Pot Stills, leaving Pot Ale behind.  The remaining barley is then mixed with the concentrated Pot Ale Syrup and dried to produce Barley Distillers’ Pellets.

Barley Distillers Pellets are a palatable alternative, which can be used to replace expensive concentrates as a good supply of both energy and protein for Dairy Cows and Beef Cattle.

Barley Distiller analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
26 8.8 11.4 4 13

 

Receive a quotation for Barley Distillers.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Biscuit Meal - Standard 10

This product is made up of bakery and confectionery by-products which are blended with carriers ground and sieved to make a free flowing meal. 

 

Ingredients 
Products from the Bakery and Pasta Industry 26.7 %
Products from Breakfast Cereal Manufacture 23.3 %
Wheat Feed   16.7 % 
Sugar - Products from the Confectionery Industry 13.3 %
Products and By Prod - Savoury Snacks Industry 11.7 %
Cake - Products from the Confectionery Industry   5.0 %
Biscuit - Products from Bakery and Pasta Industry 3.3 %

Total 

100.0 %

Biscuit Meal Analysis

Protein Oil A Crude Oil Crude Fibre Starch Sugar Ash MEC
(MJ/KG DM)
10 9 10 3.00 45 10 3 15.8

Main Fatty Acids  - C16:0  1.5 %,    C18:0  0.5 %,    C18:1  3.9 %,    C18:2  1.9 %,    C18:3  0.2 % 

Minerals -  Calcium 0.1 %,  Phosphorus 0.3 %,  Potassium 0.5 %,  Sodium 0.4 %,  Chloride 0.5 %,  Salt 0.9 % 

Main Amino Acids -  Lysine 0.4 %,  Methionine 0.2 %, Cystine 0.2 %,  Threonine 0.3 %, Tryptophan 0.1 %

Feeding Recommendations

Poultry  up to 7.5% of total ration
Pigs over 10kg up to 20% of total ration
Growing cattle up to 3kg and up to 40% dry matter intake
Dairy Cattle up to 3kg mixed with other feeds
Ensure adequate source of long fibre such as silage or straw for cattle. 

Store in a cool dry place

 
Receive a quotation for Biscuit Meal - Standard 10.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Biscuit Meal - Farm Mix

Composed of products from the Bakery and Pasta industry along with material from the Savoury Snacks Industry and the Confectionary Industry.
 

Farm Mix Analysis

Protein Crude Oil Crude Fibre Starch Sugar Ash MEC
(MJ/KG DM)
8 14.5 2.3     2.9 15.8
 

Feeding Recommendations

Poultry  up to 7.5% of total ration
Pigs over 10kg up to 20% of total ration
Growing cattle up to 3kg and up to 40% dry matter intake
Dairy Cattle up to 3kg mixed with other feeds
Ensure adequate source of long fibre such as silage or straw for cattle. 

Store in a cool dry place

 

Receive a quotation for Farm Mix.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Brewers Grains 

Brewers grains are high in digestible fibre and good quality protein which is quite undegradable due to the heat process in manufacture, but low in starch, and by-passes the rumen to be digested in the hind gut, leading to better utilisation of protein for improved milk/liveweight gain. 

 The energy from brewers grains is derived from fibre and is absorbed over a period of time (which contrasts with a sudden surge at milking time which can occur with concentrated feeds). Brewers grains thus help promote rumen fermentation, digestion and general animal health. Brewers grains are ideal for mixing with other forage rations to stimulate dry matter intake and, as a human food by-product, offer a consistently high quality feed for dairy, beef and sheep, which is fully traceable and a highly economic and effective out of parlour replacer for concentrates. Mash Filter Grains are the same product except the malted barley is ground more finely. Often this actually increases the dry matter content compared with the grains produced by the traditional process.

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
25 7.5 17 4 11.7

 

Receive a quotation for Brewers Grains.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Citrus Pulp

Citrus pulp, mostly available in a pelleted form, is derived from citrus fruits such as oranges, grapefruits, lemons etc. after such fruits have been processed for juice. Calcium (as limestone) or sodium hydroxide is usually added acteristically citrus fruit aroma, making it highly appealing to animals.

Citrus Pulp is usually fed to ruminants in quantities as large as 5kg per day. It is not advisably fed to pigs or poultry due to limonin, a bitter substance occurring naturally in citrus fruit seeds, to which they are toxic. Seeds, peel and the inner tissue of processed citrus fruits are all used to form citrus pulp pellets.

Its good palatability and relatively high energy content make citrus a commendable feed for ruminants. The particular variety of Citrus Pulp traded by Straights Direct has a 90% orange constitution, and can be bought in bulk, bagged or blended form.

Citrus Pulp analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
6.3 2.1 13.5 6.1 12.6 1.6 0.2 0.2 0.1

 

Receive a quotation for Citrus Pulp.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

 


Fishmeal

There are two fundamental kinds of Fishmeal: Provimi 66 and pure white. Provimi 66 fishmeal is home produced. It is produced in the UK from by-products of fish processing for human consumption. Pure White Fishmeal, on the other hand, is fished specifically for animal consumption in South American (often Peruvian or Chilean) waters. Possibly the most salient nutritional difference when comparing these two fishmeals is that Provimi 66 is slightly richer in protein.

Fishmeal itself, regardless of type, is a high protein feed, resistant to protein degradability in the rumen and rich in the provision of natural amino acids (methionine, lysine, trypophane, threonine and arginine). Such amino acids breakdown slowly when digested, allowing the animal to make maximum use of them, unlike synthetic amino acids. The resistance to protein breakdown in the rumen ranks very favourably when compared to most other straight feeds. Fish such as Spanish pilchards, cod, herring and spratt are often the source of fishmeals.

UK production of fishmeal is approximately 45,000 tonnes per year, with supplementary imports of 280,000 tonnes, making the total UK fishmeal demand a sizeable 330,000 tonnes per annum. Total world production in recent years has averaged 6.4 million tonnes per year. The following table summarises how fishmeal is used:

 

UK World
Ruminants 18% 3%
Farmed Fish 27% 17%
Pigs 18% 20%
Poultry 36% 55%
Other 1% 1%

Pure White Fishmeal analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
72.2 10 0 18 13.4 4 3.6 0.17 3.3

Provimi 66 analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
73.3 8.9 0 17.8 13.4 5.5 3.8 0.17 3.3

 

Receive a quotation for Fishmeal.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Full Fat Soya

Full Fat Soya usually constitutes a flaky or granular golden-brownish meal with a slightly oily touch. The raw soya beans from which Full Fat Soya is derived contain certain anti-nutritional factors such as haemagglutinins and a trypsin inhibitor. These, however, are inactivated by heat treatment (beneficial to pigs and poultry), a process which also reduces protein degradability in the rumen (beneficial to ruminants) with little or no adverse effect on digestibility. Heat treatments such as micronisation and extrusion are most commonly adhered to.
 
Full Fat Soya usually constitutes a flaky or granular golden-brownish meal with a slightly oily touch. The raw soya beans from which Full Fat Soya is derived contain certain anti-nutritional factors such as haemagglutinins and a trypsin inhibitor. These, however, are inactivated by heat treatment (beneficial to pigs and poultry), a process which also reduces protein degradability in the rumen (beneficial to ruminants) with little or no adverse effect on digestibility. Heat treatments such as micronisation and extrusion are most commonly adhered to.

The fact that Full Fat Soya is processed from whole soya beans (i.e. no extraction of oil takes place) means they retain a very high level of oil. Full Fat Soya is consequently not prone to dustiness, and can even counter dustiness in other feed ingredients. Furthermore, this high level of oil enables it to pass through the rumen without harming fibre digestion. All in all, Full Fat Soya represents a good source of additional protein and energy.

Full Fat Soya analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
41 20 7 6 15.5 0.28 0.6 0.23 0.6

 

Receive a quotation for Full Fat Soya.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Maize Distillers

Maize Distillers are a pelleted, golden to dark brown coloured product, rich in both protein and energy. They are a result of grain distillation, a process which involves a conversion of the cereal's starch to sugar. The starch content of maize distillers, then, is massively lower than in maize cereal. A slight degree of mealiness to the product is not uncommon, given the handling and transportation of its importation from the United States.
 

Maize Distillers analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
29 8 9.5 4 14.5 0.15 0.9 0.25 0.3

 

Receive a quotation for Maize Distillers.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Maize Gluten

The majority of Maize Gluten demand is satisfied by imports from the United States. There are, however, several UK processing plants that produce it too (Tilbury and Manchester, for example), using imported maize. Available as both meal and pellets, maize gluten is often found to be varying in colour from pale, golden brown to a richer, darker hue of brown. Heat treatment during production renders the protein, often 200 to 230 g/kg in gluten feed, relatively undegradeable. Maize Gluten feed is available all year round, but is mostly sold during Winter months. Its reputation as an excellent feed for dairy cows is well known. Indeed, one of its most tangible effects is to boost lactation.
 

Maize Gluten analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
23 6 8.7 6 12.9 0.35 0.4 0.25 0.9

 

Receive a quotation for Maize Gluten.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Malt Residuals

Malt Residuals are a by-product of the malting of barley grains. Prior to malting, the barley grains are thoroughly screened so that husk and fibrous debris can be excluded before germination begins. Malt Residuals derive from this screening process, and are usually pelleted to improve their storage and handling. The resultant pellet is hard and fairly dense.

Malt Residual pellets are particularly suited to the nutritional needs of ruminants. The relatively high overall nutritional value and good overall physical properties of malt residual pellets lend them to intensive beef production. However, their energy level is somewhat below that of cereal grain and it is advisable, therefore, that they be mixed with cereal grains or other high energy feeds to make full use of their protein content.

Malt Residuals analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
22 2.2 13.5 6.5 11.5 0.22 0.6 0.2 0.3

 

Receive a quotation for Malt Residuals.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Palm Kernel

Palm Kernel meal is derived from the African Oil Palm, grown largely in Asia and West Africa. It has a characteristically mild and soapy aroma, is usually light brown in colour, and has a dry, gritty consistency.

The oil content of Palm Kernel means it has a beneficial effect on butter fat, and is overall a good source of energy and protein for ruminants. By itself, palm kernel is not particularly palatable, but in mixes or sweetened with molasses, becomes readily acceptable. Palm Kernel traded by Straights Direct is most likely to be of Indo-Malay origin.

Palm Kernel analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
17.8 9 13.9 4.5 11.8 0.6 0.45 0.2 0.2

 

Receive a quotation for Palm Kernel.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Rapeseed Meal

Rapeseed Meal is derived from the oilseed rape plant and constitutes a black and yellowish meal which is slightly oily to the touch. In the past, Rapeseed Meal was fed in quantities ranging from 5% to 12%. Excessive amounts were thought to be a cause of iodine deficiency symptoms and enlarged thyroid glands. Since 1991, however, new varieties of seed yielding lower levels of glucosinulates have been selectively developed to surmount this problem.

Fed alone, Rapeseed Meal is unpalatable. Its reputation as a cost-effective and practical alternative to Soya is deserved, provided compensation is made for its naturally lower energy and protein levels. Rapeseed Meal is available all year round, but it's price is lowest during the August/September period.

Rapeseed Meal analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
34.3 5.1 12 6.6 11.8 0.9 1.2 0.25 0.15

 

Receive a quotation for Rapeseed Meal.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Rapeplus

Rapeplus is an extracted rapeseed meal which has undergone a unique treatment process to protect and enhance its nutritive value.

It is high palatable, and is a valuable source of methionine, and promotes high levels of milk production and milk quality..

It is well recognised that high yielding cows have a requirement for high quality by pass protein (DUP), and that this requirement increases as milk yields increases.The unique treatment used in the production of Rapeplus protects the protein from rumen degradation and results in product with an 80% increase in DUP content. Rapeplus will supplement the protein and DUP content of low protein feeds such as maize silage, low protein grass silage and cereals, thereby maximising milk production.

Rapeplus can be fed up to 4/5 kg per cow per day and effectively replace rape / soya mixes or soya, reducing feed costs and simplifying feeding and storage requirements.

Rapeplus analysis (as fed unless stated). 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)

Sugar & Starch %

Phos Mg Salt
34.0 3.5 12 6.9 12.1 12.6      

 

Receive a quotation for Rapeplus.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

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Hi Pro Soya

Hi Pro Soya, generically known as Soya Bean Meal, is a pale, brownish feed which is occasionally pelleted, but predominantly is available as a gritty meal. It comprises the residues of soya beans once they have been rid of oil by extraction or expelling. The naturally occurring trypsin inhibitor is deactivated by controlled heat treatment, the biggest advantage of which reduces protein degradability in the rumen.

Hi Pro Soya provides a rich source of protein. Indeed, soya bean meal is the most widely used supplementary source of protein worldwide. While suitable for all livestock, Hi Pro Soya is favoured in pig rations.

Hi Pro Soya analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
53.4 3.3 3.5 6.8 13.7 0.32 0.75 0.3 0.05

 

Receive a quotation for Hi Pro Soya.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Brazilian Soya

Brazilian Soya is a cheaper, usually pelleted, alternative to Hi Pro meal (see above).
 

Brazilian Soya analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
48.6 2.8 6.7 6.9 13.4 0.45 0.73 0.31 0.05

 

Receive a quotation for Brazilian Soya.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Sunflower

Sunflower meal is a co-product of the oil extraction process. Sunflower meal is an excellent livestock feed, especially for ruminants and is a good source of fat in feed rations for lactating cows. Sunflower meal is also well utilized in young calves and growing heifers. Weight gains and feed consumption are similar for calves and heifers fed sunflower meal or soybean meal. 

For Beef as with dairy, sunflower meal can be entirely adequate as the sole source of supplemental protein in beef cattle rations. Sunflower meal has been compared to urea, soybean and cotton meals in beef cattle studies. Sunflower meal was equivalent to soybean meal for growing heifers.

Sunflower is also used in Sheep and Pig diets.

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)

Sugar & Starch %

Phos Mg Salt
36 2 23 7 9.5 7.5 0.35  0.6 0.25

 

Receive a quotation for Sunflower.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Soya Hulls

Soya Hulls have always been popular with some, but this year have made a major comeback as they are being widly used instead of Sugar Beet Pellets. Soya Hulls are a by-product of Soya, obtained by the dehulling of the beans. A good source of digestable fibre, with average protein and reasonable energy levels
.

Soya Hulls analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
10.5 2.16 31.5 4.5 11.9 0.45 0.1 0.23 0.05

 

Receive a quotation for Soya Hulls.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Sugarbeet

Sugarbeet pulp is a highly palatable feed with good energy levels. It originates from sugar cane, and in essence constitutes the residues of ripe sugar cane once it has been processed for the extraction of juice. Another by-product from the processing of raw sugar cane is cane molasses, a dark brown viscous liquid. This is usually mixed with the Sugarbeet pulp (to form Molassed Sugarbeet) when it is dried and pressed and distributed as shreds or pellets. Sugarbeet which has not been mixed with molasses is Unmolassed Sugarbeet.
 

The fibrous residues of Sugarbeet comprise mainly cellulose, which is highly digestible. Thus when fed with an appropriate supplement of degradable protein, Sugarbeet is an exceptionally suitable feed for ruminants, helping to promote optimum rumen conditions and boosting milk production. The availability of Sugarbeet is usually restricted to the October-February period, following the harvest of its original crop.

Sugarbeet analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
10.5 0.34 12.8 7.9 12.4 1.1 0.6 0.13 0.95

 

Receive a quotation for Sugarbeet.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Wheatfeed

Wheatfeed is a general term applied to the mixture of wheat offal arising from modern flour mills. It is subject to relatively high degrees of variance in terms of pellet size and consistency, depending on its source. Generally, it is a mealy, fibrous material containing unseparated bran and various other starchy fractions arising from the later stages of the milling process.
 

Although favoured in pig and poultry rations, Wheatfeed is suitable to all livestock. It offers a good source of fibre and while the digestible crude protein level is high, it tends to be rapidly degraded in the rumen. This last characteristic of Wheatfeed makes it less popular among ruminants.

Wheatfeed analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein Oil Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Calcium Phos Mg Salt
17 5 7.9 5 10.5 0.1 0.9 0.35 0.1

 

Receive a quotation for Wheatfeed.
sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

Wheat Distillers

Wheat Distillers is high in energy and protein which is partly degradeable. Contains digestible fibre at moderate levels which makes it ideal for ruminants. Protein is partially rumen undegradeable due to the heat used during the manufacturing process.

Wheat Distillers analysis on a dry matter basis: 

Protein DCP Oil (EE) Crude Fibre Ash ME-R
(MJ/KG DM)
Sugars Starch Mg Salt
34 26 7 8 5 13.7 5 5 0.35 0.55

 High copper levels (150 ppm) mean it is unsuitable for feeding to sheep. The free unsaturated oil content should be noted when used in ruminant diets.

Receive a quotation for Wheat Distillers.

sales@straightsdirect.co.uk or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.



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Megalac

Megalac is a concentrated form of digestible undegradable energy which does not interfere with rumen function. Essentially, Megalac is a combination of natural fat and calcium. The calcium protects fatty acids against breakdown in the rumen and they pass intact to the abomasum. Here, the high acidic conditions dissolve the calcium and release fatty acids so that they can be digested with maximum efficiency.

Product Application

Megalac is to be used in home mixed rations at 0.5kg - 0.75kg per cow per day.

Analysis

Protein Oil Fibre Ash Moisture Calcium Mj/Kg DM
0 84 0 12 5 9 33.25

Fatty Acid Profile

C14 C16 C18 C18:1 C18:2
1.5 44 5.0 40 9.5

Physical Properties

Packaging: Pallets 1.20 tonnes of 25kg 2-ply paper bags, or big bags (1.10 - 1.25 tonnes net) bulk
Presentation: Dry, free flowing granule with the characteristic colour and odour associated with palm and fatty acid distillate.
Delivery Quantity: 1 pallet upwards, in 1.20 tonne increments or 10 bulk bags
Shelf Life: 12 months
Receive a quotation for Megalac.
sales@straightsdirect.com or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.
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Feed Grade Urea

Feed Grade Urea is specially formulated for ruminants and is suitable for use
  • in compound feed and premixes
  • in total mixed rations
  • in liquid solutions
  • as a preservative for grain and whole crop cereals
The type of Feed Grade Urea traded by Straights Direct is available in the form of micro-prills: small white, free-flowing particles of uniform size with a silica coating which makes them resistant to dust accumulation and acts as a long term water repellent to ensure safe handling and storage. Uncoated Urea is naturally hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air), which is why micro-prills have a silica coating.

The primary advantage of Feed Grade Urea is its ability to enhance the protein content of compound feed or mixed rations. It does this by producing larger amounts of ammonia, which rumen microbes convert into microbial protein. The role of supplementary Urea is important: a lack of ammonia in the rumen will reduce the overall protein synthesis and digestion of the diet.

Product Application

Feed Grade Urea should be used as an alternative to the more expensive protein feeds and to supplement low protein diets. There are several ways of applying Urea to ruminants' diets. Furthermore, Urea has other purposes - primarily the preservation of moist feedstuffs.

For compound feed, it is recommended that inclusion rates of Feed Grade Urea should not exceed 1.5 - 2.0% for dairy cows. Beef cattle may be capable of adapting to higher levels.

Feed Grade Urea added to total mixed rations provides consistent access to Urea and is evenly ingested over a 24 hour period. It is recommended that Urea be added to a pre-mix ration before inclusion in the total mixed ration to aid efficient distribution.

Urea (kg/t TMR - DM) Increase in CP%
3,5 1
7,0 2

Feed Grade Urea can also be successfully used to preserve moist grain. The recommended moisture level for Urea application is between 20 and 30%. Treating grain whose moisture level is below 20% is problematic since there is insufficient moisture to hydrolize the Urea fully. On completion, the treated grain should be covered with plastic sheeting to contain any ammonia vapour that is released by the process.

The application rate of Urea for treatment of grain should be as follows:

Grain moisture % Urea kg / mt grain
20 - 22 25
23 - 25 30
26 - 28 35
28 + 40

Analysis

Urea 97.0%
Nitrogen 45.7%
Crude Protein (Nx6.25) 285.6%
Biuret 1.0%
Water 0.6%
Anti-caking Agent 1.0%
Heavy Metals not detectable
Melting Point 133 degrees Celsius
Bulk Density 1.33g/cubic cm
pH Value 9.5

Physical Properties

Packaging: Pallets of 1.00 tonne comprising shrink-wrapped 25kg or 50kg bags. Also available in 1.00 tonne bulk bags.
Presentation: White, non-dust forming, free flowing prills of uniform size (between 0.1 and 1.1mm)
Delivery Quantity: From 1 tonne upwards, in 1 tonne increments
Shelf Life: 12 months +
Receive a quotation for Feed Grade Urea.
sales@straightsdirect.com or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.
Return to Index

Caustic Soda

Treating grain with Pearl Caustic Soda is a simple, effective means of processing whole grain for cattle feed - on-farm. A water-tight mixer wagon is recommended for the process, eliminating the need for rolling and yielding a product which stores well and with distinct nutritional characteristics which set it apart from conventionally rolled grain.

Caustic Grain (i.e. grain treated with Caustic Soda) is an alkaline feed which is slowly digested in the rumen, so helping to promote the stable rumen conditions essential for efficient feed utilisation and reducing the risk of problems associated with feeding high levels of rolled cereals or acidic silages.

Trials show that Caustic Grain can improve forage and total feed intake. This leads to increased milk yield and quality, particularly protein content, in dairy cattle; and better liveweight gains and feed conversion in beef cattle.

Product Application

The dangers of handling Caustic Soda
  • Pearl Caustic Soda is a hazardous chemical - refer to and observe the safety instructions provided and store the product in a lockable area.
  • Extreme care is required during handling and full protective clothing - full face visor, gloves, overalls and wellingtons - must be worn.
  • Minimise the handling of bags and always use full bags - do not store or handle part bags.
  • Avoid windy conditions when preparing Caustic Soda and always add water carefully.

How to treat grain with Caustic Soda, step-by-step

  • Put 1 - 5 tonnes of grain into a watertight mixer-feeder wagon. Cleanliness is vital throughout. Ensure that both the loader bucket and the feeder wagon are clean. Moist grain can be treated direct from the combine, but do not process unripe grain.
  • Carefully and evenly add the Pearl Caustic Soda by front loader bucket. Break up any lumps to ensure good distribution and solubility. Avoid windy conditions when tipping. Always use full bags. Never use part-full bags, and dispose of bags immediately.

  • For Wheat, add 3% Caustic Soda (i.e. 30kg per tonne of grain). For Barley, add 5% Caustic Soda (i.e. 50kg per tonne of grain).

  • Dry mix for 5 minutes. Even distribution of the Caustic Soda is important to ensure uniform grain treatment of grain.
  • Carefully add water to the grain/Caustic Soda mix, according to the scales below:

    Grain Moisture % Water Addition (kg/tonne grain)
    Long term storage Early feeding (minimum)
    22+ 0 50
    20 40 100
    18 60 130
    16 80 160
    14 100 200
    12 140 220

    Caustic Grain should have a "cheesy" consistency at feeding. It may need wetting before feeding if retrieved from long term storage. Clean straw added to very wet grain (20kg/tonne) will help reduce moisture and aid storage.

  • Mix for 15 minutes. Heat is generated when Caustic Soda dissolves in water - it is the combination of heat, strong alkali and mechanical action which processes the grain. As mixing proceeds, the grain will darken in colour. The addition of clean straw (20kg/tonne) at this stage may prove to be beneficial.
  • Tip the hot grain into a heap and leave for at least 5 hours. Ensure that the grain is tipped onto a clean surface to minimise the risk of contamination. The combination of heat ad alkali continues to process the grain in the tipped heap.
  • Spread the heap to approximately one foot deep and allow to cool. Ensure cleanliness again! Before the treated grain is stored for any length of time it is vital that it is uniformly cool. Be prepared to spread the grain again to achieve this. Avoid exposure to heavy rain at this stage - it will nullify the preservative effect of the Caustic Soda.
  • Restack and store under cover in a clean environment, where there is no risk of flooding. Feeding can commence after four days. Caustic Grain is unpalatable to both birds and rodents and can be stored for long periods. However, as for any feed, hygenic storage is essential. Walls and floors of storage areas should be sprayed with 'Actellic' and the walls lined with clean polythene - pay particular attention to corners. If the storage period is to exceed three months then add more water (see table above), spray the surface of the grain with 'Actellic' and store under cover.

    Caustic Grain must not be mixed with other feeds prior to storage. Stored for long periods of time, Caustic Grain dries out. It should be moistened before feeding - either by water or by moist feeds such as brewer's grains, draff or wet grass silage.

Directions for feeding Caustic Grain
  • Caustic Grain is best fed as part of a complete diet and feeding levels will depend upon several factors - expected performance (milk yield or liveweight gain), forage stocks and other feeds available.
  • For dairy cows, up to 4kg per day of soda grain is generally recommended, although higher levels may be fed where high total dry matter intakes are expected.
  • It is important that the ration is well balanced with respect to protein, energy and minerals plus vitamins; and the feeding of a low sodium mineral mix is recommended - Nilna High Phos.
  • Caustic Grain can provide all the supplementary cereal in silage-based rations for beef cattle.

Physical Properties

Solid Caustic Soda is supplied in the form of colourless pellets, pearls, flakes or powder. It has the chemical name Sodium Hydroxide.

Boiling point 1390 degrees Celsius
Melting point 318 degrees Celsius
Bulk density (pearl) 1200kg / cubic metre

Packaging: Pallets of 1.05 tonnes comprising durable bags of 25 or 50kg bags
Presentation: White, semi-transparent crystalline solid which is hygroscopic and deliquescent.
Delivery Quantity: Available in 1.05 tonne (1 pallet) increments
Shelf Life: 12 months +

Receive a quotation  for Caustic Soda.
sales@straightsdirect.com or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.
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Sopralin

It is now well accepted that the highly productive ruminant has a protein requirement in excess of its capacity to produce microbial protein in the rumen. To obtain maximum productive efficiency, this protein deficit must be corrected by including controlled amounts of high quality Digestible Undegradable Protein (DUP) in the diet. The quality aspect is important since DUP should be able to complement the amino acid profile of microbial protein. Sopralin will satisfy these requirements.

Sopralin itself is a high quality protected vegetable protein which, as a result of precise treatment, contains a high level of DUP. Out of a total of 46.5% Crude Protein (CP), Sopralin provides approximately 90% undegradable protein. Its DUP content is better than naturally occurring vegetable proteins and at least as high in DUP as protein from fish origin.

The Benefits of Feeding Sopralin

  • Lactating Cows:
    Most dairy cows in early lactation have a dry matter appetite below that necessary to sustain production and maintain weight. It is important to ensure that rations contain the correct balance and quality of protein. Including Sopralin in dairy rations consistently improves milk yield and milk protein levels.
  • Dry Cows:
    Including Sopralin in dry cow diets boosts the UDP levels without adding high levels of calcium. Boosting UDP levels of dry cow diets has improved production and fertility levels in subsequent lactations.
  • Grazing Supplement:
    Using Sopralin to balance the high levels of rumen degradable protein (RDP) in grass increases milk yield and milk protein levels.
  • Calves:
    Older calves showed considerable improvements in liveweight gains when Sopralin was included in the diet.
  • Beef:
    Including Sopralin in beef rations improves performance.
  • Ewes:
    Recent research has shown that increasing UDP levels gives improved birth weight of lambs and a quicker start to life - due to improved colostrum production and milk yield.
  • Lambs:
    Lambs fed on a diet containing Sopralin consistently out-performed lambs fed on a diet containing fishmeal.

Product Application

Sopralin is a highly palatable feed that can be fed on its own or used in a variety of diets.
  • Compound Feeds:
    To improve UDP levels
  • Farm Mix::
    To help maintain quality with variable ingredients
  • Grazing Supplement:
    To balance high RDP of grass
  • Midday Feed:
    As a UDP supplement for high yielders
  • Lactating Cows:
    0.5 - 1.0 kg Sopralin per head per day
  • Dry Cows:
    0.6 kg Sopralin per head per day from 6 weeks prior to calving
  • Heifers:
    0.3 kg Sopralin per head per day
  • Beef:
    Include as part of a balanced ration where extra DUP is required
  • Sheep:
    Include as part of a balanced ration according to level of production required

Analysis

Dry Matter 90%
Crude Protein 46.5%
Undegradable Protein 42%
Oil 2.6%
Fibre 6.0%
Ash 6.7%
Metabolisable Energy 12.9 MJ/kg
Calcium 0.3%
Phosphorous 0.65%
Magnesium 0.22%
Salt 0.06%

Comparative Analysis

Crude Protein (%) Undegradable Protein (%)
Soya 48 32
Sopralin 46.5 90
Soypass 45 70
Amino 2000 43 75
Amino Gold 53 75
Fishmeal 66 50

Physical Properties

Packaging: Bulk, 25kg bags or bulk bags
Presentation: Pale brown gritty meal - similar in consistency to extracted soyabean meal
Delivery Quantity: 1 tonne upwards
Shelf Life: 12 months
Receive a quotation for Sopralin.
sales@straightsdirect.com or alternatively, call Straights Direct on (UK) 0118 984 1800 for price information.

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